January 29, 2014

Play Intelligence: From IQ to PIQ

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Chambers and Reisberg (1985) presented subjects with ambiguous figures, like the duck/rabbit, that can be inter preted in different ways; for example, as a rabbit facing to the right or a duck facing to the left. According to Wolfe (1998, p. 23), the answer to the second question is as follows: “If a stimulus supports both efficient search and effortless segmentation [grouping], then it is probably safe to include it in the ranks of basic features.” Wolfe (1998, p. 40) provided the following answer to the first question: “There appear to be about eight to ten basic features: colour, orientation, motion, size, curvature, depth, vernier offset [small irregularity in a line segment], gloss, and, perhaps, intersection.” Duncan and Humphreys (1989, 1992) put forward attentional engagement theory.
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January 29, 2014

Handbook of Discourse Processes

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It was only necessary to listen to the entire word when the sentence context contained no useful syntactic or semantic information (i.e., random condition). These findings reflect differences in knowledge of the game rather than in memory ability, because experts do no better than amateurs when remembering the positions of randomly placed pieces. We dissent strongly from some of the supposed implications that have been attached to this claim by proponents of situated action, and we have shown that our dissent has strong empirical support.
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January 29, 2014

Promoting Self-Change from Problem Substance Use: Practical

J. Blomqvist, T. Ellinstad, D. Finfgeld, D. Hodgings, C. Junker

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Results: HM could not recall ever doing those tasks and claimed he did not know how to do them but after training, he could perform them perfectly. Some relatively speaking new pages are posted below; see also the annotated bibliography. We begin with the issue of simulation using mental models. His first teaching position was at Brandeis, where Maslow was department head. In addition, the clients develop realistic goals that are flexible and constantly under review. If their food is hot, then everyone's food is hot.
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January 28, 2014

Aberrant Beliefs and Reasoning (Current Issues in Thinking

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Social psychology research at Kent is funded by a variety of British and international sources, currently and recently including ESRC, British Academy, Leverhulme, Age Concern, European Commission, European Science Foundation, Home Office, Equality and Human Rights Commission, Nuffield, and Joseph Rowntree Foundation, as well as government departments such as the Department for Communities and Local Government and the Department for Work and Pensions.
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January 28, 2014

Interpersonal Cognition

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Second, there is spatial perception (where is it?). For the most part, Anderson explains skill acquisition as knowledge compilation; as a move from the use of declarative knowledge to procedural knowledge. The intensity of light reflecting from any given pixel fluctuates continuously, and so there is a danger that the grey-level representation will be distorted by these momentary fluctuations. There are several examples of elaboration that are commonly used in the teaching/learning process: imaging -- creating a mental picture; method of loci (locations)--ideas or things to be remembered are connected to objects located in a familiar location; pegword method (number, rhyming schemes)--ideas or things to be remembered are connected to specific words (e.g., one-bun, two-shoe, three-tree, etc.) Rhyming (songs, phrases)--information to be remembered is arranged in a rhyme (e.g., 30 days hath September, April, June, and November, etc.) Initial letter --the first letter of each word in a list is used to make a sentence (the sillier, the better).
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January 28, 2014

A Study in Incidental Memory (Columbia Contributions to

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Our partner Foundation course provider may be able to help. Data from Tversky and Shafir (1992). occurred because parents naturally anticipated enormous regret at the possibility of causing their child’s death, but their inaction had the effect of increasing their child’s risk of death. There is some support for a specific form of schema theory known as the script-pointer-plus-tag hypothesis. In addition, we sometimes draw inferences about when an event happened on the basis of how much information about it we can remember.
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January 28, 2014

Coming to Our Senses: Perceiving Complexity to Avoid

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He died in Geneva, September 16, 1980, one of the most significant psychologists of the twentieth century. Rutgers - Vision Research Laboratory: Research on stereoscopic and occlusion perception, apparent motion, texture segregation and modelling, the role of attention in visual tasks, models for spacial and motion perception, human factors, learning processes for perception tasks, sharpness perception in color, and image compression based on human visual performance.
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January 28, 2014

Memory Reconsolidation: Chapter 14. Memory Reconsolidation,

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At its inception as a discipline in the nineteenth century, psychology focused on mental processes. In addition, the theory predicts the nature and number of errors produced in speech, but cannot account for the time taken to produce spoken words. The aim of this class is to furnish students with a working knowledge of statistics as they are used in psychological science. How does such a symbolic system, which defies translation of any kind, act cognitively?
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January 28, 2014

"Oh, it's like CSI...": A Qualitative Study of Job

Ashraf Esmail

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For example, we take account of the fact that objects in motion typically proceed along a straight path (the rule of inertia). Continuation of basic laboratory course, designed to introduce first-year graduate students to experimental methods in psychology. More widely, this view is taken by Anderson (1990) in his “rational analysis” technique to characterise many diverse areas of cognition from memory to problem solving.
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January 27, 2014

Computational Models of Conditioning

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The sixth chapter shows how the French and the Germans dealt differently with the questions that preoccupied the British, each nation in accordance with its own past tradition and tendencies. However, there are signs of interference when the data are inspected closely (Broadbent, 1982). Chapter 10 highlights work conducted by Canadian researchers looking at the way scientists and politicians use analogies in the real world, and greatly expands the section on neuroanatomical foundations of reasoning.
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